HI2132: Cultures of Empire: Power and Rule in the Indian and Plantation American Colonies, 1600-1900
Dr Natalie Zacek
Department of History, University of Manchester
Spring 2003

Course Outline

Week 1 The first British Empire
Week 2 Ethnography
Week 3 Labour
Week 4 Slavery
Week 5 Bodies
Week 6 Dress
Week 7 Food
Week 8 Architecture
Week 9 Education and technology
Week 10 Language
Week 11 Creole identities
Week 12 Conclusions

Reading List

SL = Short Loan Collection, JRUL
RC = Resource Centre, Arts Faculty Building, 2nd floor south
OL = available online through JRUL catalogue

The British Empire in the Atlantic World
K. R. Andrews et al., eds., The Westward Enterprise : English Activities in Ireland, the Atlantic, and America, 1480-1650 SL
David Armitage, The Ideological Origins of the British Empire SL
David Armitage and Michael Braddick, eds., The British Atlantic World, 1500-1800 SL
Bernard Bailyn, The Peopling of British North America SL
C.A. Bayly, Imperial Meridian: The British Empire and the World, 1780-1830 SL
Carl Bridenbaugh, Vexed and Troubled Englishmen, 1590-1642 SL
Kathleen M. Brown, Good Wives, Nasty Wenches, and Anxious Patriarchs: Gender, Race, and Power in Colonial Virginia SL
Richard Bushman, The Refinement of America: Persons, Houses, Cities SL
J. H. Elliott, The Old World and the New, 1492-1650 SL
Mary C. Fuller, Voyages in Print: English Travel to America, 1576-1624 SL
Colin Kidd, British Identities Before Nationalism: Ethnicity and Nationhood in the Atlantic World, 1600-1800 SL
William Roger Louis, ed., The Oxford History of the British Empire, vols. I and II SL
Peter Marshall, ed., The Cambridge Illustrated History of the British Empire SL J.H. Parry, The Age of Reconnaissance SL
Jyotsna Singh, ed., Travel Knowledge: European “Discoveries” in the Early Modern Period SL
Ian K. Steele, The English Atlantic: An Exploration of Communication and Community SL

Native Americans: General
James Axtell, The European and the Indian: Essays in the Ethnohistory of Colonial America SL
James Axtell, The Invasion Within: The Contest of Cultures in Colonial North America SL
William Cronon, Changes in the Land: Indians, Colonists, and the Ecology of New England SL
Gregory Evans Dowd, A Spirited Resistance: The Native American Struggle for Unity, 1745-1815 SL
Francis Jennings, The Invasion of America: Indians, Colonialism, and the Cant of Conquest SL
Karen Ordahl Kupperman, Indians and English: Facing Off in Early America SL
Karen Ordahl Kupperman, Settling with the Indians: The Meetings of European and Indian Cultures in America, 1580-1640 SL
James Merrell, The Indians' New World: Catawbas and Their Neighbours from European Contact Through the Era of Their Removal SL
Daniel K. Richter, Facing East from Indian Country: A Native History of Early America SL
Daniel K. Richter, The Ordeal of the Longhouse: The Peoples of the Iroquois League in the Era of European Colonization SL
Neal Salisbury, Manitou and Providence: Indians, Europeans, and the Making of New England, 1500-1643 SL
Richard White, The Middle Ground: Indians, Empires, and Republics in the Great Lakes Region, 1650-1815 SL

Slavery: General
Ira Berlin, Many Thousands Gone: The First Two Centuries of Slavery in North America SL
John Blassingame, The Slave Community: Plantation Life in the Antebellum South SL
Edward Brathwaite, The Development of Creole Society in Jamaica, 1770-1820 SL
T.H. Breen and Stephen Innes, Myne Owne Ground: Race and Freedom on Virginia’s Eastern Shore, 1640-1676 SL
Michael Craton, Searching for the Invisible Man: Slaves and Plantation Life in Jamaica SL
David Brion Davis, The Problem of Slavery in Western Culture SL
Richard S. Dunn, Sugar and Slaves: The Rise of the Planter Class in the English West Indies SL
David Barry Gaspar and Darlene Clark Hine, eds., More Than Chattel: Black Women and Slavery in the Americas SL
Eugene D. Genovese, Roll, Jordan, Roll: The World the Slaves Made SL
Jerome S. Handler and Frederick Lange, Plantation Slavery in Barbados SL
Charles Joyner, Down by the Riverside: A South Carolina Slave Community SL
Edmund S. Morgan, American Slavery, American Freedom: The Ordeal of Colonial Virginia SL
Philip D. Morgan, Slave Counterpoint: Black Culture in the Eighteenth-Century Chesapeake and Lowcountry SL
Orlando Patterson, Slavery and Social Death: A Comparative Study SL
Orlando Patterson, The Sociology of Slavery SL
Mechal Sobel, The World They Made Together: Black and White Values in Eighteenth-Century Virginia SL
Kenneth Stampp, The Peculiar Institution: Slavery in the Ante-Bellum South SL
Sterling Stuckey, Slave Culture, Nationalist Theory, and the Foundations of Black America SL
John Michael Vlach, Back of the Big House: The Archaeology of Plantation Slavery SL
David Waldstreicher, “Reading the Runaways: Self-Fashioning, Print Culture, and Confidence in Slavery in the Eighteenth-Century Mid-Atlantic,” William and Mary Quarterly 56 (1999): 243-272 OL
Peter H. Wood, Black Majority: Negroes in Colonial South Carolina from 1670 through the Stono Rebellion SL
Anne Yentsch, A Chesapeake Family and Their Slaves SL

Ira Berlin, “From Creole to African: Atlantic Creoles and the Origins of African-American Society in Mainland North America,” William and Mary Quarterly 53 (1996): 251-288 OL
Valerie I.J. Flint, The Imaginative Landscape of Christopher Columbus SL
Michael A. Gomez, Exchanging Our Country Marks: The Transformation of African Identities in The Colonial and Antebellum South SL
Stephen Greenblatt, Marvelous Possessions: The Wonder of the New World SL
Kim F. Hall, Things of Darkness: Economies of Race and Gender in Early Modern England SL
Peter Hulme, Colonial Encounters: Europe and the Native Caribbean, 1492-1797 SL
Margaret T. Hodgen, Early Anthropology in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries SL
Daniel C. Littlefield,Rice and Slaves: Ethnicity and the Slave Trade in Colonial South Carolina SL
Michael Mullin, Africa in America: Slave Acculturation and Resistance in the American South and the British Caribbean, 1736-1831, ch. 1 SL
Eric R. Wolf, Europe and the People Without History SL

Roger D. Abrahams, Singing the Master: The Emergence of African-American Culture in the Plantation South, ch. 1 SL
Hilary McD. Beckles, White Servitude and Black Slavery in Barbados, 1627-1715 SL
Ira Berlin and Philip D. Morgan, "Labor and the Shaping of Slave Life in the Americas," in Berlin and Morgan, eds., Cultivation and Culture: Labor and the Shaping of Slave Life in the Americas SL
Charles B. Dew, Bond of Iron : Master and Slave at Buffalo Forge SL
Richard S. Dunn, “’Dreadful Idlers’ in the Cane Fields: The Slave Labor Pattern on a Jamaican Sugar Estate, 1762-1831,” in Barbara Solow and Stanley Engerman, eds., British Capitalism and Caribbean Slavery SL
William Dusinberre, Them Dark Days: Slavery in the American Rice Swamps SL
Peter Linebaugh and Marcus Rediker, The Many-Headed Hydra: Sailors, Slaves, Commoners, and the Hidden History of the Revolutionary Atlantic SL
Edmund S. Morgan, American Slavery, American Freedom: The Ordeal of Colonial Virginia, ch. 3 SL
Philip D. Morgan, "Task and Gang Systems: The Organization of Labor on New World Plantations," in Stephen Innes, ed., Work and Labor in Early America SL
Philip D. Morgan, “Work and Culture: The Task System and the World of Lowcountry Blacks, 1700 to 1880,” William and Mary Quarterly 39 (1982): 563-599 OL
Tina H. Sheller, "Freemen, Servants, and Slaves: Artisans and the Craft Structure of Revolutionary Baltimore Town," in Howard B. Rock et al., eds., American Artisans RC
James Sidbury, "Slave Artisans in Richmond, Virginia, 1780-1810," in Rock, et al., eds., American Artisans RC
William L. Van Deburg, The Slave Drivers: Black Agricultural Labour Supervisors in the Antebellum South SL
Peter H. Wood, Black Majority, ch. 9 SL

Bodies and Dress
Colin G. Calloway, New Worlds for All, ch. 3 RC
Joyce E. Chaplin, “Natural Philosophy and an Early Racial Idiom in North America: Comparing English and Indian Bodies,” William and Mary Quarterly 54 (1997): 229-252 OL
Joyce E. Chaplin, Subject Matter : Technology, the Body, and Science on the Anglo-American Frontier, 1500-1676 SL
Richard S. Dunn, Sugar and Slaves, pp. 281-286 SL
Margaret Ferguson, “Feathers and Flies: Aphra Behn and the Seventeenth-Century Trade in Exotica,” in Margreta de Grazia, et al., eds., Subject and Object in Renaissance Culture SL
Martha L. Finch, “’Civilized’ Bodies and the ‘Savage’ Environment of Early New Plymouth,” in Janet Moore Lindman and Michele Lise Tarter, eds., A Centre Of Wonders: The Body in Early America RC
Eugene D. Genovese, Roll, Jordan, Roll, pp. 550-561 SL
Charles Joyner, Down by the Riverside, pp. 106-117 SL
Karen Ordahl Kupperman, “Fear of Hot Climates in the Anglo-American Colonial Experience,” William and Mary Quarterly 41 (1984): 213-240 OL
Karen Ordahl Kupperman, “Presentment of Civility: English Reading of American Self-Presentation in the Early Years of Colonization,” William and Mary Quarterly 54 (1997): 193-228 OL
Barbara E. Lacey, “Visual Images of Blacks in Early American Imprints,” William and Mary Quarterly 53 (1996): 137-180 OL
Erin S. Mackie, "The Colorful Case of the Caribbean Creole," in Jessica Munns and Penny Richards, eds., The Clothes That Wear Us SL
James Merrell, "The Cast of His Countenance: Reading Andrew Montour," in Ronald Hoffman, et al., eds., Through a Glass Darkly: Reflections on Personal Identity in Early America SL
Jennifer Morgan, "'Some could suckle over their shoulders'," William and Mary Quarterly 54 (1997): 167-192 OL
Alice Nash, "Antic Deportments and Indian Postures," in Janet Moore Lindman and Michele Lise Tarter, eds., A Centre of Wonders RC
Simon P. Newman, “Reading the Bodies of Early American Seafarers,” William and Mary Quarterly 55 (1998): 59-82 OL
Gordon Sayre, “Native American Sexuality in the Eyes of the Beholders, 1535-1710,” in Merril D. Smith, ed., Sex and Sexuality in Early America SL
Timothy J. Shannon, “Dressing for Success on the Mohawk Frontier: Hendrick, William Johnson, and the Indian Fashion,” William and Mary Quarterly 53 (1996): 13-42 OL
Nancy Shoemaker, “Body Language: The Body as a Source of Sameness and Difference In Eighteenth-Century Indian Diplomacy East of the Mississippi,” in Janet Moore Lindman and Michele Lise Tarter, eds., A Centre of Wonders RC
Beth Fowkes Tobin, Picturing Imperial Power: Colonial Subjects in Eighteenth-Century British Painting SL
Laurel Thatcher Ulrich, The Age of Homespun: Objects and Stories in the Creation of an American Myth SL
Shane White and Graham White, “Slave Hair and African-American Culture in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries,” Journal of Southern History 61 (1995): 45-76 OL
Shane White and Graham White, Stylin’: African-American Expressive Culture from its Beginnings to the Zoot Suit SL

Barbara G. Carson, Ambitious Appetites: Dining Behaviour and Patterns of Consumption in Federal Washington RC
Richard S. Dunn, Sugar and Slaves, pp. 272-281 SL
Trudy Eden, "Food, Assimilation, and the Malleability of the Human Body in Early Virginia," in Janet Moore Lindman and Michele Lise Tarter, eds., A Centre of Wonders RC
Jordan Goodman, Tobacco in History: The Cultures of Dependence SL
Kim F. Hall, "Culinary Spaces, Colonial Spaces," in Valerie Traub et al., eds., Feminist Readings of Early Modern Culture: Emerging Subjects SL
Charles Joyner, Down by the Riverside, pp. 91-106 SL
Sidney W. Mintz, Sweetness and Power: The Place of Sugar in Modern History SL
Wolfgang Schivelbusch, Tastes of Paradise: A Social History of Spices, Stimulants, and Intoxicants SL
James Walvin, Fruits of Empire: Exotic Produce and British Taste, 1660-1800 SL

Douglas V. Armstrong, The Old Village and the Great House SL
Richard Bushman, “American High Style and Vernacular Cultures,” in Jack P. Greene and J.R. Pole, eds., Colonial British America SL
James A. Delle, “Gender, Power, and Space: Negotiating Social Relations under Slavery on Coffee Plantations in Jamaica, 1790-1834,” in Delle et al., eds., Lines that Divide: Historical Archaeologies of Race, Class, and Gender Richard S. Dunn, Sugar and Slaves, pp. 287-299 SL
Jay Edwards, "The Origins of Creole Architecture," Winterthur Portfolio 29 (1994): 155-189 RC
Ywone D. Edwards, “’Trash’ Revisited: A Comparative Approach to Historical Descriptions and Archaeological Analyses of Slave Houses and Yards,” in Grey Gundaker, ed., Keep Your Head to the Sky RC
Terrence W. Epperson, “Panoptic Plantations: The Garden Sights of Thomas Jefferson and George Washington,” in James A. Delle, et al., eds., Lines that Divide: Historical Archaelogies of Race, Class, and Gender Alice Eley Jones, "Sacred Places and Holy Ground," in Grey Gundaker, ed., Keep Your Head to the Sky RC
Charles Joyner, Down by the Riverside, pp. 117-126 SL
Roderick MacDonald, The Economy and Material Culture of Slaves SL
Sidney W. Mintz, "Houses and Yards among Caribbean Peasantries," in Mintz, Caribbean Transformations SL
Robert Blair St. George, Conversing by Signs: The Poetics of Implication in Colonial New England Culture RC
Kirk Davis Swinehart, “Object Lessons: Indians, Objects, and Revolution,” Common-Place 2:2 (January 2002) OL
Dell Upton, Common Places: Readings in American Vernacular Architecture SL
Dell Upton, Holy Things and Profane; Anglican Parish Churches in Colonial Virginia SL
John Michael Vlach, By the Work of Their Hands: Studies in Afro-American Folklife RC
John Michael Vlach, The Planter’s Prospect: Privilege and Slavery in Plantation Paintings SL

Education and Technology
James Axtell, “Dr. Wheelock’s Little Red School,” in Axtell, The European and the Indian SL
James Axtell, "The Little Red School" and "Education and Empire," in Axtell, The Invasion Within SL
Alan J. Bishop, "Western Mathematics: The Secret Weapon of Cultural Imperialism," in Bill Ashcroft, et al., eds., The Post-Colonial Studies Reader SL
M.J. Blakemore, “From Way-Finding to Map-Making: The Spatial Informational Fields of Aboriginal Peoples,” Progress in Human Geography 5 (1981): 1-24 RC
Colin G. Calloway, “A World of Dreams and Bibles,” in Calloway, New Worlds for All SL
Jorge Canizares Esguerra, How to Write the History of the New World: Histories, Epistemologies, And Identities in the Eighteenth-Century Atlantic World SL
Joyce E. Chaplin, An Anxious Pursuit : Agricultural Innovation and Modernity in the Lower South, 1730-1815 SL
Joyce E. Chaplin, Subject Matter SL
Louis DeVorsey, “Amerindian Contributions to the Mapping of North America,” Imago Mundi 30 (1978): 71-78 RC
Richard Drayton, "Knowledge and Empire," in P.J. Marshall, ed., The Oxford History of the British Empire, vol. II: The Eighteenth Century SL
Felix Driver, Geography Militant: Cultures of Exploration and Empire SL
Henry Louis Gates, The Signifying Monkey: A Theory of African-American Literary Criticism, ch. 4 SL
Eugene D. Genovese, Roll, Jordan, Roll, pp. 561-566 SL
David D. Hall and Hugh Amory, eds., The Book in the Atlantic World: A History of the Book In America SL
J.B. Harley, “Maps, Knowledge, and Power,” in Denis Cosgrove, ed., The Iconography of Landscape SL
Jill Lepore, “John Sassamon Between Two Cultures,” in Karen Ordahl Kupperman, ed., Major Problems in American Colonial History RC
James McClellan III and Francois Regourd, "The Colonial Machine: French Science and Colonization in the Ancien Regime," Osiris 15 (2000) OL
George W. Pilcher, “Samuel Davies and the Instruction of Negroes in Virginia,” Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 74 (1966): 293-300 RC
Neal Salisbury, “Red Puritans: The ‘Praying Indians’ of Massachusetts Bay and John Eliot,” William and Mary Quarterly 31 (1974): 27-54 OL
Tzvetan Todorov, The Conquest of America: The Question of the Other SL
Peter H. Wood, "Black Labour, White Rice: Colonial Manpower and African Agricultural Skill in Early Carolina," in T.H. Breen, ed., Shaping Southern Society SL

Mervyn C. Alleyne, “A Linguistic Perspective on the Caribbean,” in Sidney W. Mintz And Sally Price, eds., Caribbean Contours RC
James Axtell, “Babel of Tongues: Communicating with the Indians,” in Axtell, Natives And Newcomers RC
William R. Bascom, "Acculturation Among the Gullah Negroes," in T.H. Breen, ed., Shaping Southern Society SL
Trevor Burnard, "Slave Naming Patterns: Onomastics and the Taxonomy of Race in Eighteenth-Century Jamaica," Journal of Interdisciplinary History 31 (2000): 325-346 OL
Margaret Washington Creel, A Peculiar People: Religion and Community-Culture Among the Gullahs SL
Michael A. Gomez, Exchanging Our Country Marks, ch. 7 SL
Edward G. Gray and Norman Fiering, eds., The Language Encounter in the Americas SL
Stephen J. Greenblatt, “Learning to Curse: Aspects of Linguistic Colonialism in the Sixteenth Century,” in Greenblatt, Learning to Curse: Essays in Early Modern Culture SL
Charles Joyner, Down by the Riverside, ch. 7 SL
Sidney W. Mintz, "The Socio-Historical Background to Pidginization and Creolization, in Dell Hymes, ed., Pidginization and Creolization of Languages SL
Michael Mullin, Africa in America, ch. 1 SL
Newbell Niles Puckett, "Names of American Negro Slaves," in Alan Dundes, ed., Mother-Wit from the Laughing Barrel SL
Richard C. Rath, "Drums and Power," in David Buisseret, ed., Creolization in the Americas SL
Douglas Taylor, "New Languages for Old in the West Indies," in Michael Horowitz, ed., Peoples and Cultures of the Caribbean SL
Tzvetan Todorov, The Conquest of America SL
Peter H. Wood, Black Majority, ch. 6 SL

Creole identity
James Axtell, “The English Apostates” and “The White Indians,” in Axtell, The Invasion Within SL
James Axtell, “The English Colonial Impact on Indian Culture, ““The Indian Impact on English Colonial Culture,” and “The White Indians of Colonial America,” in Axtell, The European and the Indian SL
Michael Craton, “Reluctant Creoles: The Planters’ World in the British West Indies,” in Bernard Bailyn and Philip D. Morgan, eds., Strangers Within the Realm: Cultural Margins of the First British Empire SL
Frantz Fanon, Black Skin, White Masks SL
Michael A. Gomez, Exchanging Our Country Marks: The Transformation of African Identities in The Colonial and Antebellum South SL
Jack P. Greene, “Changing Identity in the British Caribbean: Barbados as a Case Study,” in Nicholas Canny and Anthony Pagden, eds., Colonial Identity in the Atlantic World SL
Jamaica Kincaid, A Small Place SL
Derek Walcott, “The Antilles: Fragments of Epic Memory,” in Walcott, What the Twilight Says SL
Kathleen Wilson, The Island Race: Englishness, Empire, and Gender in the Eighteenth Century SL

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